Blaudruck/Modrotisk/Kékfestés/Modrotlač, resist block printing and indigo dyeing in Europe (Austria, Czechia, Germany, Hungary and Slovakia)


BLAUDRUCK/MODROTISK/KÉKFESTÉS/MODROTLAČ, RESIST BLOCK PRINTING AND INDIGO DYEING IN EUROPE. AustriaCzechiaGermanyHungary and Slovakia. Inscribed in 2018 on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Blaudruck/Modrotisk/Kékfestés/Modrotlač, which translates directly as blueprint or blue-dyeing, refers to the practice of printing a dye-resistant paste onto a cloth before dyeing over it with indigo dye. The resistant paste prevents the dye from penetrating the design, thereby ensuring the applied design remains white or undyed after the dyeing process. To apply the designs onto the cloth, practitioners use hand-crafted blocks that are up to 300 years old, featuring regionally-inspired patterns as well as generic designs or Christian motifs. The representation of local flora and fauna is interrelated with the local culture of the regions. Traditional indigo blue-dyeing does not end with printing, however: the textile chain involves preparing the raw materials and spinning, weaving, finishing, printing and dyeing them. Nowadays, businesses engaged in the practice mainly comprise small, family-owned workshops, run by the second to seventh generation of printers.


Blue-dyeing by Kovács – 1878 (Budapest, Vengrija)


Blue-dyeing is a centuries-old tradition in Hungary, however, only 4 blue-dying workshops still operate in the country. One of the most well-known of these is the Kovács family, who have been passing down the craft from parents to children since 1878. Workshop in Tiszakécske was founded in 1926. The founder, 91 year old Miklós Kovács awarded “Master of Folk Art” in 1985 and Kossuth Prize in 2019. His wife, Margitka creates respected folk art, blue-dyer for 60 years. Their daughter, Mária Kovács Panákné is folk artist since 1989, opened with her husband Ferenc Panák the first independent blue-dyeing shop and creates modern styles respected the traditional technique and the heritage since 25 years. Her daughters, Annamária and Veronika Panák are the seventh generation of the family, they continue the over 140 years old family tradition. The family believe in the importance of safeguarding so one of their main goals is to present the blue-dyeing profession for more and more people.

: 2019 07 11 | : 19.00 val